Jute is the second most important vegetable fibre after cotton; not only for cultivation, but also for various uses. Jute is used chiefly to make cloth for wrapping bales of raw cotton, and to make sacks and coarse cloth. Completely biodegradable, the jute fibre is an agro-renewable natural resource. In fact, it has a fertilizing effect on the soil when buried. And unlike synthetic fibres, it neither releases toxic fumes when burnt, nor does it tax our planet’s dwindling energy resources.
The fibres are also woven into curtains, chair coverings, carpets, area rugs, Hessian cloth, and backing for linoleum. While jute is being replaced by synthetic materials in many of these uses, some uses take advantage of jute’s biodegradable nature, where synthetics would be unsuitable. Examples of such uses include containers for planting young trees which can be planted directly with the container without disturbing the roots, and land restoration where jute cloth prevents erosion occurring while natural vegetation becomes established.
Jute is the major crop among others that is able to protect deforestation by industrialization. The suitable climate for growing jute is during the monsoon season. Temperatures ranging 20 ºC to 40 ºC and relative humidity of 70%-80% are favorable for successful cultivation. Jute requires 5-8 cm of rainfall weekly with extra needed during the sowing period. Jute can be grown in 4-6 months with a huge amount of cellulose being produced from the jute stem that can meet most of the wood needs of the world.
Geotextiles is prime example that shows how popular jute has become amongst the agricultural sector. It is a lightly woven fabric made from natural fibres that is used for soil erosion control, seed protection, weed control, and many other agricultural and landscaping uses. The geotextiles can be used more than a year and the bio-degradable jute geotextiles left to rot on the ground keeps the ground cool and is able to make the land more fertile